What are the parts of a hand mitre saw?

 
     
     
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The design of a hand mitre saw may vary slightly between brands,but most have the same basic parts: 

 
     
 Parts of a hand mitre saw: Guide rods, blade, rod and wing nu, frame, handle, pivot, angle guide, bench, feet, clamp, and fence 
     
   

Blade

 
 hard and soft wood 

Blades are available which can cut through hard and soft wood, plastic and non-ferrous metals.

 

Because the blade is quite thin, hand mitre saws are not designed for cutting very thick pieces of material.

 
     
 Loosening screw 

The blade on a hand mitre saw can be removed from the frame, usually by loosening a screw under the handle.

 
     
 Mitre Blades length 

Blade length

Blades come in several different lengths ranging from 500 - 630mm (19.6-24.8" approx.)

 

Most models of hand mitre saw will allow you to adjust the frame to accommodate a range of different blade sizes, however it’s worth double checking with the manufacturer before you purchase, as there may be some exceptions.

 
     
   

Teeth Per Inch (TPI)

Blades usually have been 14 and 32 teeth per inch. Here is a general guide to selecting the right TPI for your hand mitre saw:

 
     
 Blade of 14 TPI 
  • 14 TPI - General woodworking

 
     
 Blade of 18 TPI 
  • 18 TPI - Delicate woodworking applications

 
     
 Blade of 24 TPI 
  • 24 TPI - Cutting metal or picture framing

 
     
 Blade of 32 TPI 
  • 32 TPI - Cutting non-ferrous metal

 
     
 The teeth on a hand mitre blade 

Cutting stroke

The teeth on a hand mitre blade are usually designed to cut on both the push and the pull stroke.

 

For more information, see our section: Push stroke saws vs. pull stroke saws

 
     
 neat finish on wood 

Finish

Overall, hand mitre blades have a high TPI, so even the lowest TPI blade will produce a neat finish. This is because the teeth are relatively small with shallow gullets, so they remove less material with each stroke.

 
     
 

 

 

Handle

 
 hand mitre saw closed pistol grip handle  

The type of handle found on a hand mitre saw is known as a 'closed pistol grip handle'. This type of handle is usually found on saws with larger or longer blades which are designed for faster cutting.

 

The large handle supports the blade, and because it’s closed, the user’s hand is less likely to slip out when sawing quickly. 

 
     
   

Rod and wing nut

 
 Rod and wing nut of a hand mitre saw 

Adjusting the wing nut alters how tightly the blade is stretched in the frame.

 
     
   

Frame

 
 Arms of the frame of a hand mitre saw 

The frame is made from plastic and metal and supports the blade.

 
     
   

Pivot

 
 Angle guide and pivot 

The pivot allows you to move the saw to the correct angle for your application and then 'lock' it in place while working.

 
     
   

Angle guide

 
 Variable angle selection, all hand mitre saws have an angle guide. 

This has a number of angles marked on it. Align your saw with the angle you require using the pivot.

 
     
   

Bench

 
 Bench of a hand mitre saw 

Your material is placed on here when sawing

 
     
 Feet on a hand mitre saw 

Feet

These allow the saw to be fastened securely to your worktop or bench.

 
     
 Clamp on a hand mitre saw 

Clamp

This holds your work piece securely while sawing.

 
     
 The thicker your material, the higher the fence will need to be to support it.  

Fence

The fence supports the back of your material when sawing.

 
     
   

Guide rods

 
 Guide rods on a hand mitre saw 

The saw moves through these rods which help to keep it cutting in a straight line. Though the blade moves through them, the blade does not come into contact with the rods.

 
     
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