what-are-the-different-types-of-saw

What are the different types of hand saw?

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Types of wood

Saws for cutting wood (with fixed blades)

Hand saw for wood  

Hand saws for wood

Material:

There are hand saws available for sawing hardwood, softwood, chipboard, plywood and MDF.

Shop for Handsaws

Hand saw used for woodworking straight cut

Type of cut: 

Straight cuts. The type of finish will depend on the Teeth Per Inch (TPI).

Application:

Most commonly used for general woodworking applications (i.e. cutting boards or planks to size)

hard and soft woods  

Tenon and dovetail saws

Material:

Hard and softwood

Shop for Tenon Saws

Shop for Dovetail Saws

Tenon and Dovetail saw

Type of cut:

Straight, precise cuts leaving a neat finish.

Application:

Delicate applications such as joint-making

Pruning a tree with a saw

Pruning saws

Material:

Thin tree branches and shrubs, dry or wet.

Type of cut:

Fast aggressive cutting leaving a rough finish.

Shop for Pruning Saws

Japanese / Pull Saws  

Japanese/Pull saws

Material:

Hard and softwood

Shop for Pull Saws & Blades

Japanese/ pull saw doing a straight cut

Type of cut:

Straight, accurate cuts. Has a much thinner blade as it cuts on the pull stroke.

Two Person Saw  

Two person saws

Material:

Felling trees or cutting large trunks to size

Type of cut:

Fast aggressive cutting that leaves a rough finish.

Types of wood

Saws for cutting wood (with removable blades)

hard and soft woods  

Hand mitre saws

Material:

Hard and softwood

Shop for Compound Mitre Saws

Hand Mitre Saw

Type of cut:

Precise angled cuts with a very neat finish.

Application:

Used when an exact angle (45° for example) is required. Commonly used for joint-making.

     
Coping or fret saws
 

Coping and fret saws

Material:

There are blades available which can cut through hard and soft wood, plastic, ceramic and non-ferrous metals.

Shop for Coping Saws

Wooden moulding of a guitar

Type of cut:

Curved cuts and intricate shapes with a very neat finish.

Application:

Cutting wooden moulding or scrollwork. Should not be used in material over 25cm thick.

Bow Saw  

Bow saws

Material:

Sawing tree branches and cutting logs to size. There are blades available for both wet and dry wood.

Type of cut:

Fast aggressive cutting with a rough finish.

Shop for Bowsaws

Materials cut by speciality saws

Speciality saws (with fixed blades)

PVC plastic cutting saw  

PVC and plastic-cutting saws

Material:

Plastic

Shop for Plastic and insulation Saws

Man cutting plastic sheet with a plastic saw

Type of cut:

Straight cuts in plastic leaving a neat finish

Application:

Commonly used for cutting metal and plastic piping.

Floorboard saw  

Floorboard saws

Material:

There are different blades available for solid, laminate and veneer flooring.

Type of cut:

Most blades will produce a neat finish.

Insulation saw  

Insulation saws

Material:

Mineral wool, glass wool, EPS (expanded polystyrene), XPS (extruded polystyrene), stone wool and rock wool.

Shop for Plastic and insulation Saws

As the name suggests, an insulation saw is most commonly used for cutting insulation to size.

Type of cut:

Straight cuts with a relatively neat finish.

Application:

Cutting sheets of insulation to size.

Masonry Saw  

Masonry saws

Material:

There are blades available for brick, concrete and stone.

Shop for Masonry Saws

     
The most common application in which you would use a masonry saw is for cutting lightweight cellular concrete blocks to size.

Type of cut:

Most masonry saws will produce a fairly rough finish.

Application:

Cutting masonry blocks to size

Dry Wall Saw  

Drywall saws

Material:

Drywall / plasterboard.

Shop for Drywall and Plasterboard Saws

Drywall saw cutting a socket box hole

Type of cut:

Short straight or curved cuts leaving a relatively rough finish.

Application:

Often used for cutting out small holes for socket boxes.

Materials cut by speciality saws

Speciality saws (with removable blades)

Hacksaw  

Hacksaws

Material:

Metal and plastic.

Shop for Hacksaws

Hacksaw used to cut plastic piping

Type of cut:

Relatively neat finish.

Application:

Commonly used for cutting metal and plastic piping.

Junior hacksaws

Junior Hacksaw  

Material:

Metal and plastic.

Shop for Junior Hacksaws

     
Junior hacksaw

Type of cut:

Straight and curved cuts in plastic and metal.

Application:

Used when a very neat finish is needed, or for delicate applications where a regular hacksaw is too cumbersome.

Traditional or double sided veneer saw  

Traditional or double-sided veneer saws

Material:

Sheets of wood veneer.

This type of saw is designed to cut sheets of veneer to size

Type of cut:

Clean cuts with a neat finish.

Application

Cutting veneer sheets to size to be mounted on a backing board.

Materials cut by general purpose saws

Saws for general purpose cutting

General Purpose Saw  

General purpose saws

Material:

Wood, plastic and soft metal.

General saw cutting wood

Type of cut:

Relatively rough finish.

Application:

General purpose cutting in wood as well as the odd job cutting into plastic and metal.

Compass Saw  

Compass saws

Material:

Wood, plastic and soft metal.

Shop for Drywall and Plasterboard Saws

Compass saw doing a curved cut

Type of cut:

Straight and curved cuts similar to a coping or fret saw but with a rougher finish.

A compass saw is often used for restricted access applications where a coping saw or fret saw cannot fit.