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What is draw filing?

What is draw filing?

What is draw filing?

Draw filing is a technique used for producing smooth, square edges, particularly on pieces of metal. The process works by moving any type of single-cut file forwards and backwards along the length of the material’s edge.

 

By holding the file at 90° to the workpiece, the file’s teeth can cut on both the forward and the backward movement of the file. Draw filing is just one method to file material and can be done with a range of file designs. Read ‘what are the different types of file?‘ to find out what files are available.

Step by Step Guide to Draw Filing

Step 1 - Prepare Workpiece

Correct position for draw filing material

Clamp the object you are going to be filing into a vice so that it is secure and doesn’t wobble around.

 

Don’t forget to use a filing block!

Clamp the object you are going to be filing into a vice so that it is secure and doesn’t wobble around. Don’t forget to use a filing block!

Correct position for draw filing material

Step 2 - Grip File Securely with Both Hands

How to hold a draw file correct and securely

Grip each end of the file securely in the same way as you would grip the handlebars on a bicycle.

 

In order to file most effectively, it’s important that you are in control over the file to apply force in the correct areas.

Grip each end of the file securely in the same way as you would grip the handlebars on a bicycle. In order to file most effectively, it’s important that you are in control over the file to apply force in the correct areas.

How to hold a draw file correct and securely

Step 3 - Push Stroke

Coreect direction to push in order to file a material with a draw file

Standing at the side of the workpiece, slide the file forwards along the length of the area you want to smooth, applying light pressure.

Incorrect way to draw file a piece of material

As with cross filing, make sure the pressure you apply is light to avoid breaking your file’s teeth or clogging them with material, or causing chattering.

 

Standing at the side of the workpiece, slide the file forwards along the length of the area you want to smooth, applying light pressure.

Coreect direction to push in order to file a material with a draw file

As with cross filing, make sure the pressure you apply is light to avoid breaking your file’s teeth or clogging them with material, or causing chattering.

 

Incorrect way to draw file a piece of material

Step 4 - Draw Stroke

How to draw stroke correctly using a draw file

Slide the file backwards along the length of the workpiece until you reach your starting position.

 

Apply the same pressure as you did on the push stroke.

Slide the file backwards along the length of the workpiece until you reach your starting position. Apply the same pressure as you did on the push stroke.

How to draw stroke correctly using a draw file

Step 5 - Repeat Process

Repeat the cross filing process until material is filed

Repeat this technique until the area you are working on is filed to a smooth finish.

Repeat this technique until the area you are working on is filed to a smooth finish.

Repeat the cross filing process until material is filed

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