how-are-dowels-manufactured

How are dowels manufactured?

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The two machines used in the manufacture of wooden dowel rods and dowelling pins To ensure that dowels are made accurately, machines are used to manufacture them. This process is quick and easy and involves two machines.
Machine used for turning strips of wood into dowels One machine is responsible for whittling strips of wood into cylinders, creating dowel rods. Its primary component is a rotating blade that is used to shape wooden stock into dowels.
Machine used for cutting dowel rods into pins The other is responsible for cutting dowel rods into pegs of uniform size.

Producing dowel rods

Feeding strips of wood into the dowel cutting machine to make dowel rods

Step 1 – Feeding machine

Wooden strips are fed into the first cutting machine manually. Shaped rollers guide the wood and hold it steady so that it can be cut evenly.

Wonkee Donkee jokes about how much wood you need to feed into a dowelling machine
Image showing pencil sharpener blades to explain how dowel rods are cut

Step 2 – Sharpening

Rotating blades trim the wood into a cylindrical shape. This works in a similar way to a pencil sharpener.

Image to explain how dowel rods are fluted

Step 3 – Grooves

Flutes or grooves are added as an optional extra by the final part of the machine.

Wonkee Donkee explains that flutes on dowels allow glue to spread when the dowel is hammered into a dowel hole

Cutting dowel pegs

Dowel rods being fed into the dowel pin cutting machine Once dowel rods have been made on the dowel mill, they can be fed into a rotating rack at the top of a cutting machine and turned into dowel pegs.
Image showing the location of the pin on a dowel pin cutting machine

Step 1 – Locating dowel rod

A dowel rod is dropped from the overhead rack and lands on a pre-adjusted pin directly below.

Dowel pins machined to uniform size for accurate and reliable use in dowelling This pin and the blade that is used to cut the dowel will remain a fixed distance apart while the entire batch of dowel pegs are cut. This ensures that all dowel pegs are produced at a uniform length.
Circular saw blade cutting a dowel rod into dowel pins

Step 2 – Cutting

A circular saw blade, mounted on a swinging arm, pivots in to cut through the dowel rod.

Image showing how a dowel pin falls off the dowel cutting machine and into a collection bin

Step 3 – Setting up next peg

Once the rod has been cut, the saw blade pivots backwards and the precisely cut dowel peg falls into a collection bin.

Rewind symbol, illustrating that the dowel cutting process starts again from the beginning at this point of the process This then causes the process to begin again from step 1.
Image of the dowel rack at the top of the dowel pin cutting machine rotating to allow a new dowel rod to drop into place on the locator pin Once a dowel rod has been completely cut into pegs, sensors cause the rack at the top of the machine to rotate and the next dowel rod drops into place.