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What are the different types of sharpening stone?

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Sharpening stone whetstone oil stone sharpen grind hone blade honing tool cutting tool edge tool cut wonkee donkee tools DIY guide There are three main groups of sharpening stones: oil stones, water stones, and diamond stones. Each type of stone has its own advantages that help bring a sharp edge to whatever tools you are sharpening.

Oil stones

Sharpening stone whetstone oil stone sharpen grind hone blade honing tool cutting tool edge tool cut wonkee donkee tools DIY guide Oil stones are the traditional Western sharpening stone. They are probably the most common sharpening stone available on the market, although water stones are becoming increasingly popular.
Sharpening stone whetstone oil stone sharpen grind hone blade honing tool cutting tool edge tool cut wonkee donkee tools DIY guide The oil stone is so named because you first need to oil (lubricate) it before introducing a steel edge to it. Lubricating the stone reduces friction and helps to ease the movement of the tool as it is being sharpened. Much of the metal removed (swarf) will remain in the oil which makes it easy to wipe off when you finish..
Sharpening stone whetstone oil stone sharpen grind hone blade honing tool cutting tool edge tool cut wonkee donkee tools DIY guide Oil stones are available in a wide variety of grit sizes and materials and they are available in both natural and synthetic varieties.

Water stones

Sharpening stone whetstone oil stone sharpen grind hone blade honing tool cutting tool edge tool cut wonkee donkee tools DIY guide Water stones are relatively new to the Western world. They have been growing in popularity because of their many advantages.
Sharpening stone whetstone oil stone sharpen grind hone blade honing tool cutting tool edge tool cut wonkee donkee tools DIY guide Water stones must be soaked in water for several minutes before use. Soaking the stone acts as a lubricant and helps to ease the movement of the tool being sharpened. Much of the metal particles (swarf) will remain in the water allowing you to simply wipe it away after sharpening.
Sharpening stone whetstone oil stone sharpen grind hone blade honing tool cutting tool edge tool cut wonkee donkee tools DIY guide Water stones, like oil stones, are available in both natural and synthetic varieties.

Diamond stones

Sharpening stone whetstone oil stone sharpen grind hone blade honing tool cutting tool edge tool cut wonkee donkee tools DIY guide Diamond stones are not, in fact, stones but rather thin metal plates which have very small diamonds attached to the face of the plate.
Sharpening stone whetstone oil stone sharpen grind hone blade honing tool cutting tool edge tool cut wonkee donkee tools DIY guide These industrial diamonds are embedded into the metal plate and are harder than any other type of natural or synthetic sharpening stone.
Sharpening stone whetstone oil stone sharpen grind hone blade honing tool cutting tool edge tool cut wonkee donkee tools DIY guide Diamond stones typically have perforated surfaces to capture the swarf (ground metal) though there are models without. They are also available in various grades and levels of abrasion.
Sharpening stone whetstone oil stone sharpen grind hone blade honing tool cutting tool edge tool cut wonkee donkee tools DIY guide The chief advantages of using diamonds stones are that they are very fast at sharpening and they retain their flat shape much more easily than a stone, which can become curved or hollowed due to the sharpening process.

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