What are the different types of rake?

     
     
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 Rakes come in many different designs for different jobs 

Although basic rake designs are similar, different types have been developed to ensure they suit certain tasks. You might need more than one type of rake, depending on what jobs you want to do. 

 
     
   Wonkee Donkee says "The word ‘rake’ comes from the Old English word ‘raca’ from the root meaning of “heap up” or “to scrape together”" 
     
   

Garden rakes 

 
 Garden rakes are used to turn and spread soil 

Garden rakes can sometimes be called soil rakes, bow rakes, ground rakes or level heads. These have fairly long, straight heads which have short, rigid tines. They are designed for some heavy jobs, such as breaking up hard soil and creating planting rows. 

 

For more information see: What is a garden rake?

 
     
   

Lawn rakes

 
 Lawn rakes can be called leaf rakes but they usually can move various garden debris, other than just leaves 

Lawn rakes are sometimes called fan rakes or spring tine rakes. Often they are also referred to as leaf rakes, as they can be used to gather leaves. However, they are usually more versatile than leaf rakes. They have thin metal tines, which have a little flexibility to move over uneven ground.

 

For more information see: What is a lawn rake?

 
     
   

Leaf rakes

 
 Leaf rakes are especially designed to make raking leaves easier 

Leaf rakes are sometimes referred to as lawn rakes or fan rakes. However, they differ from lawn rakes because they have plastic tines which are only designed to move leaves, grass clippings, and other very lightweight materials. The tines are arranged in a triangle, or fan shape, and bent at the end so that they hold on to the material being raked. 

For more information see: What is a leaf rake?

 
     
 Some rakes have a head which closes on itself to scoop up leaves and other garden waste 

Leaf scoop rakes

Some leaf rakes are specifically designed to enable you to scrape leaves into a pile and then lift and move them, without having to bend much. Standard leaf rakes are not usually designed for lifting materials.

 
     
   

Thatch rakes

 
 Thatch rakes are used to remove dead grass from living grass 

Thatch rakes can sometimes be called thatching rakes, dethatching rakes or scarifying rakes. They are designed to remove dead grass, thatch and moss from lawns and gardens. They have sharp, blade-like tines which leave most of the healthy grass in place while removing the thatch.

 

For more information see: What is a thatching rake?

 
     
   Wonkee Donkee says "Thatch is a build-up of living and dead plant materials, including shoots, leaves and roots. It accumulates on lawns between the soil and grass roots."  
     
   

Landscape rakes

 
 Lanscape rakes are used to spread and level different ground coverings 

Landscape rakes have fairly wide, flat heads. They are used to spread and level ground materials such as soil or sand. For much larger areas, there are mechanised landscape rakes that can be attached to tractors or other vehicles. They are sometimes called tractor landscape rakes. 

 

For more information see: What is a landscaping rake?

 
     
   

Tarmac rakes

 
 Tarmac rakes can level tarmac and gravel 

Tarmac rakes can also be called asphalt rakes, stone rakes, gravel rakes, road rakes, or roadstone rakes. They often resemble a standard garden rake, but usually have a slightly wider head. They should be particularly strong so they can spread and level heavier ground cover materials than some other rakes.

 

For more information see: What is a tarmac rake?

 
     
   

Hand rakes

 
 Hand rakes are smaller versions of a standard rake used to close up work in flower beds 

Hand rakes are much smaller than other rakes. They come in two basic designs, resembling either a lawn rake, or a garden rake. The handle is short, as they are designed for working closely to a surface. The head is smaller, so the rake can be used for more delicate and precise work, such as in between plants and in tight spaces. 

 

For more information see: What is a hand rake?

 
     
   

Other rakes

 
 There are many different types of rake, depending on what you want to use it for 

Some types of rake are less common for the average gardener or home landscaper. They may have specific uses for certain jobs, or within specific industries. They are still used for jobs like gathering, clearing, breaking and levelling.

 
     
 Lake rakes are used in water to pull out weeds and algae  

Lake rakes

Lake rakes can also be called pond rakes or aquatic weed rakes. They are specifically designed to remove weeds and algae from ponds, lakes and other water features. Some have an extra-long handle, so they can reach fairly deep into water; others have shorter handles attached to some rope - these can be thrown into water and pulled.

 
     
 Hay rakes are large rakes used to gather dried grass and hay 

Hay rakes

Hay rakes are designed to gather dried grass and hay from fairly large areas of ground. They are often used on small farms to gather hay for baling. They resemble landscape rakes and often have a wooden head and tines. A larger version, which can be attached to a tractor or other vehicle, is used for covering very large areas.

 
     
 Roof rakes can be used to scrap snow or debris from roofs and other high up places  

Roof rakes

Roof rakes are designed for reaching up high onto roofs or other surfaces. They can remove snow and unwanted debris by scraping it down. This can help prevent snow and ice building up and damaging a roof.

 
     
 If you want to pick lots of berries a berry picking rake makes the job easier 

Berry rakes

A berry rake, sometimes called a berry picking rake, is a small rake with a head shaped like a bucket or similar container. They are used to gather berries quickly by raking through leaves and branches and gathering berries in the container.

 
     
 Concrete rakes smooth concrete surfaces 

Concrete rakes

Concrete rakes have a head with at least one flat edge. They are used for spreading and smoothing out wet concrete on paths and other ground surfaces.

 
     
 One type of rake is a fire rake, used for wildfire in wildland, it can help to stop fires spreading 

Fire rakes

Fire rakes are commonly used by firefighters trying to stop the spread of wildland fires. The tough, triangular tines are used to push ground materials which are on fire back onto themselves. This means the flames are pushed away from fresh fuel onto material which has already been burnt, creating a break which should stop the fire spreading and allow it to burn itself out.

 
     
 Poop-scoop rakes are used to collect dog waste 

Poop-scoop rakes

These are rakes which are specifically for dog owners. They consist of a small rake, often with a handle which can be extended, and a scoop pan. They are used rather like a dustpan and brush to collect dog waste without needing to bend down.

 
     
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